A team of the National Aeronautics and Space Adminsitration (NAA) has designed and launched a new Radar device for the purpose of detecting Earthquakes, Volcanic Activities, and other such activities that took place on Earth.
The team of scientists and experts flew various flights above the Kīlauea Volcano in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park from July 3 to 5, 2018. It was done in order to exhibit how a new device could pave the method for a future constellation of small sputniks that will be dedicated to monitoring influences from various volcanic activities, earthquakes, and variances in land cover.
A global map showing land altitude differences over time can support researchers and scientists to pinpoint ground movement before, during and after the occurrence of natural calamities like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
It will also help them in identifying the impacts caused by floods and groundwater pumping. The device designed for this purpose has been named The CubeSat Imaging Radar for Earth Sciences, or CIRES.
It can assist scientists in taking decisions and steps that will helo emergency managers in obtaining observations immediately after a dangerous event takes place and the officials would be able to take required disaster relief measures.
The CubeSat Imaging Radar for Earth Sciences or CIRES is outfitted with an S-band Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The S-band radar is capable of penetrating through vegetation. It will take two images of the particular area from approximately the same point in space at two separate times and then concocts the two photographs to discover the disparity between them.