The white house of America believes that the water ice and lunar resources might help the USA to establish a long term human presence on the surface of the Moon. President Trump has signed an executive order on April 6th that establishing the policy of the USA on the exploration of off-Earth resources.
The policy states that the current regulatory regime which is termed as the 1967 Outer Space Treaty can allow the use of resources. The above view has long held sway in the government circle of the USA.
For instance, the USA like other major spacefaring nations has not signed the 2979 treaty that further stipulates the non-scientific use of space resources that has been governed by the international regulatory framework. During 2015, Congress passed a law to allow American citizens and companies to explicitly use the moon and asteroid resources.
Additionally, this new order signed had made things even more official, stressing that the US does not see the space as global commons anymore and rather see it as a clear path to off-Earth mining, without any requirement of further international treaty-level agreements.
The executive order called Encouraging International support for the Recovery and Use of space resources has been in duty for almost a year. While the order was prompted by a desire to clear the US positions as it negotiates with the international partners to further help NASA’s Artemis program for crewed lunar exploration.